This sour-milk drink is akin to kefir. It is very popular among the Caucasian, Balkan and Turkic peoples. In ancient legends, he is known as a drink of the gods and an elixir of youth and beauty. In general, the thin eastern people are a connoisseur of all that is useful and beautiful. Sour-milk drinks with healing and anti-aging properties are valued at their weight in gold. In ancient times, Ayran recipes were passed from mouth to mouth, from ancient sages to their young followers and kept secret from most people.
A bit of history
This drink came to us from the distant southern Kerkinitida. Even about the II century BC, the ancient Greeks loved him for his taste and useful properties. Later, during the bloody wars with nomadic peoples, the recipe for cooking airan became known to the Scythians. And during the time of the Great Migration, it became simply irreplaceable during long transitions, as it could retain its valuable qualities for a long time in adverse weather conditions.
The Eastern Highlanders staunchly kept the recipe for this drink. Interested in the secret of longevity of mountain peoples, the Russians learned about the existence of this miracle drink. But when trying to find out how to cook it, we ran into an unexpected obstacle. Caucasians did not want to betray their secret for any benefits. However, the oriental elders could not resist the feminine beauty. One of the Caucasian princes fell in love with a beautiful Russian girl and the treasured Ayran recipe became a wedding present to the beauty.
The homeland of this drink is considered to be Kabardino-Balkaria and Circassia. It is noteworthy that the airan is prepared differently by settled and nomadic peoples. In some it looks more like a drink, in others it looks more like food. It is prepared using katyka - a type of sour milk, which, when ripened, evaporates and turns out to be very greasy. In settled peoples, katyk was mixed with cold spring water and ice was added. He remarkably quenched thirst and was used precisely in that capacity. The nomads used a special leather bag for cooking - a wineskin, in which milk and sourdough were poured. In the process of racing, the heat from the horse and the sultry sun did their job, and the product became dense like sour cream. He was often used for food, and to quench his thirst, he was bred with water, milk or koumiss. Such a diluted drink is called chalap or chalap. Armenians have a product very similar to ayran, called tan.
On the territory of our country, the mass production of Ayran began around the 90s of the XX century. Now this product can be found without problems on the shelves of modern supermarkets or in stores. Such a drink is quite simply prepared at home, but, unfortunately, in terms of taste and useful qualities, it is quite inferior to its Caucasian counterpart.
Chemical composition of the product
This unique drink contains lactic acid bacteria, easily digestible proteins (about 1.1 grams), lactic acid, and essential and non-essential amino acids. Each country has its own recipe for a drink, and each nation prepares it differently. Therefore, the fat content of ayran also turns out to be different. On average, it contains about 1 gram of fat, and about 2.4 grams of carbohydrates. The calorie content of the drink also fluctuates and is approximately 19-25 grams. The product contains a rich mineral complex represented by:
A high content of potassium (about 106 mg) and sodium (about 159 mg) can be noted. The composition of Ayran contains useful vitamins A, B, C, D, H and PP, organic acids and unsaturated fatty acids.
How to choose and store
When buying a finished product in a store, one must take into account that the product has the ability to form a precipitate. This is in no way a sign of product damage. Before use, it just needs to be shaken until a homogeneous mass. Of course, it is worth paying attention to the expiration date, and not to use the product after its completion. It is also recommended to look at the composition of the drink. This Ayran should not contain artificial preservatives and dyes, food additives and other chemicals, and the presence of milk powder is not encouraged.
Fresh homemade Ayran should be stored in the refrigerator for no more than a day. The same applies to the purchased product. After opening the package, you need to eat it as soon as possible. This mountain ayran has a long shelf life, as it contains salt, which is a natural preservative. But such a drink can not be found in our stores, and you can try it only by going to the Caucasus.
Ayran has a unique vitamin and mineral complex, thanks to which it acquired its famous healing properties. It is widely used in folk medicine and cosmetology, incredibly useful for pregnant and lactating mothers. Its natural composition is very good for baby food and is widely distributed in diet programs.
Due to its nutritional properties, it can be a complete meal or snack, saturating the body with energy and energy. And its low energy value makes it indispensable for any diets, as well as for people suffering from obesity.
Sour-milk bacteria renew intestinal microflora, and prevent the growth of harmful microorganisms. Ayran is a wonderful cure for a hangover. It normalizes the water-salt balance in the body, contributes to the stable functioning of the nervous and cardiovascular system. It is able to activate blood flow, and saturate cells with oxygen.
Regular consumption of the drink strengthens the immune system and contributes to the body's natural defense against bacteria and viruses. It helps to reduce bad cholesterol in the blood and supports the human body in good shape.
Use in home medicine
Homemade freshly made ayran is often used for medical purposes for the prevention and treatment of diseases such as:
- cholecystitis and other liver diseases;
- intestinal dysbiosis;
- pancreatitis, but not during exacerbation;
Ayran is also useful for cancer patients. It is believed that it is able to stop the development of cancer cells. This product is one of the best prophylactic agents for osteoporosis. The fact is that calcium is absorbed very well by the body with the help of milk fat. Both are contained in large quantities in Ayran. Thanks to its daily use, the Caucasian people, even at a venerable age, do not complain about joints and brittle bones.
It is recommended to use this drink in regions with poor environmental conditions, as it removes dangerous toxins and toxins from the body and protects it from free radicals. It is useful to use it for athletes or for heavy physical exertion. Due to the fact that it contributes to the normalization of the water-salt balance, ayran is a decongestant and effectively relieves the body of excess fluid.
Ayran from a hangover
To get rid of a hangover syndrome, it is recommended to mix Ayran with mineral water in equal proportions and drink in small sips for half an hour.
Ayran against dysbiosis
To prevent this disease and improve intestinal microflora in the morning should be consumed in a glass of fresh drink daily for a month. This recipe will be effective for frequent constipation.
Ayran for hemorrhoids
With the help of this healing drink, you can prepare a medicine for this delicate ailment.
To do this, you need 2 parts of ayran, 1 part of a thick rice broth and 1 part of honey. All this must be mixed and cooled at room temperature. Put the mixture on a sheet of plantain and apply it to the hemorrhoids for about 10 minutes twice a day for two weeks.
Ayran for pancreatitis
With an exacerbation of the disease, drinking a drink is not recommended. You can start drinking it as a prophylaxis two weeks after the onset of the disease. It is advisable to start with small doses of the product (50 grams) before bedtime to prevent negative reactions. If the use of ayran did not cause pain or a violation of the digestive process, then the amount of the drink can be gradually increased and brought to 200 ml. It is advisable to use ayran in the evening as a light dinner.
Ayran from pressure
If you mix this healthy drink with several branches of cilantro, you will get a wonderful tool to normalize the pressure. To do this, add finely chopped greens to a glass of the finished drink. It is better to use the medicine in the morning for 3 months.
To normalize metabolism
To improve metabolism, it is good to use freshly prepared airan with spices. To do this, drop a pinch of red hot ground pepper and half a teaspoon of cinnamon into a glass of product. Drink daily 2 hours before bedtime for three weeks. You can repeat the course after a week. It is important that you do not eat food after taking the medicine.
Ayran is used as a drink in hot weather, to quench thirst and normalize salt balance. Often it is used as the basis for making okroshka or other cold soups. It combines wonderfully with herbs, herbs and spices:
Sweet lovers often use ayran as a dessert, combining it with various fruits. And some gourmets add finely chopped pickles, garlic and green onions to the drink.
Goat, sheep or cow milk is considered traditional for the preparation of ayran. For sourdough, you can use kefir, yogurt, yogurt or sour cream. The density of the resulting product will depend on the density of the ingredients included in its composition. Moreover, it is quite easy to regulate by adding mineral water or milk to the finished Ayran.
For cooking you will need:
- milk - 220 grams;
- sourdough - 40 grams.
In the boiled milk, cooled to room temperature, add the yeast. Mix thoroughly, pour into a container and close tightly with a lid. Leave warm for 6 hours.
For the preparation of Ayran, many simply dilute the sour milk with water and beat with a blender. Serve it chilled, diluting with water and ice. This recipe was called Ayran in Mongolian.
Use in cosmetology
The useful properties of Ayran have been used in the field of beauty and cosmetology. Masks for face and hair are often made on its basis; they are used for the production of nourishing and moisturizing creams.
A mask based on this product gives shine to weakened hair, strengthens and revitalizes them.
To prepare, you will need:
- Ayran - 100 ml;
- potato starch - 2 tablespoons;
- honey - 1 teaspoon;
- burdock oil - 1 tablespoon;
- hair balm - 1 teaspoon.
Mix everything until smooth. Apply the heated product to the hair roots for 20 minutes. Procedures carried out once a week for 10 weeks.
Nourishing face mask
For cooking you will need:
- Ayran - 50 ml;
- white clay - 2 teaspoons;
- yolk - 1 piece.
Mix everything until smooth. Apply to pre-cleansed face for 10 minutes. After wash off the remnants of the product with warm water. Repeat weekly for 7 weeks.
Ayran is a low-calorie product with high nutritional value. This is simply an indispensable assistant in the diet menu. Replacing the usual dinner with this drink, you can easily and painlessly lose a few pounds. Regular consumption of this drink speeds up metabolism and removes harmful substances from the body. Often for a quick and effective weight loss use a three-day diet on Ayran. It implies the daily use of only this product and mineral water. To achieve the result, it is recommended to drink 2 liters of Ayran per day, a glass of product every two hours.
Ayran for pregnant women and in the children's menu
This is a very healthy drink for expectant mothers and their babies. But in some cases, you should take it with caution. In the first trimester, this drink is very useful, as it saturates the body with vitamins and minerals necessary during this period. Only fresh, non-fermented product should be consumed. The recommended dose is 1-2 glasses per day. In the second trimester, the dose should be reduced to 2 glasses 4 times a week. At this stage, the use of Ayran will help prevent overweight and will also be a good prevention of constipation. In the last trimester, it should be remembered that this drink is contraindicated in girls prone to edema. This product contains salt, which has the ability to retain water in the body. But even if they are not, the recommended dose of ayran is 1 glass 2 times a week.
For nursing mothers, the use of ayran is not prohibited, but it is better to introduce it into your diet after the baby's three-month-old age, in order to exclude the possibility of increased gas formation in the baby. And from 10 months you can enter it into the diet of baby food. It is best to give the product in the morning, starting with a teaspoon. And if no negative reactions have occurred, the dose can be gradually increased.
Harm and hazardous properties
Ayran is contraindicated in diseases of the stomach and duodenum, gastritis, heartburn, peptic ulcer. It is not recommended to use the product during an exacerbation of pancreatic disease, as well as with individual intolerance to the drink. Eating stale food can lead to indigestion or poisoning.
Ayran undoubtedly deserves its fame as a drink of the gods and the elixir of longevity. Its valuable composition has useful and healing properties. Thanks to him, the product is in great demand in cooking. On its basis, delicious first courses and wonderful desserts are prepared. He is popular in the diet menu. Due to its low calorie content and high nutritional value, it is an integral ingredient in many nutritional programs. His valuable qualities did not pass over the field of medicine and cosmetology. Based on it, drugs are prepared for the prevention and treatment of various diseases. And also used as the basis for the preparation of creams, masks and other cosmetics. This drink is useful for young children and consumers aged, is popular with pregnant women and nursing mothers. It is important to remember that using a fresh product is good for your health, and a stale or improperly prepared drink will not bring anything good for the body. The best ayran is home-made from natural ingredients.