Batun-onion belongs to the category of profitable plants, as it does not require special treatment. It needs to be sown only once, and the rest of the time it will sprout cyclically. From the beginning of the onset of the warm period, he regularly delights gardeners with succulent greens, which can be eaten, or allowed on funds according to recipes of traditional medicine.
Onion-batun is sometimes jokingly called "immortal" due to the fact that after each cut, it quickly grows feathers again. This continues until late autumn. And after the onset of cold weather, you should not worry about its stamina in relation to frosty weather. Even with a significant minus temperature and the absence of stable snow cover, one should not worry, covering it with a film, or burying it in sawdust.
Relatively finicky, he is only in terms of nutrition. He needs a really moist soil that is well fertilized. Otherwise, with dry soil, it will cease to bear fruit.
The main varieties of this culture are called three options: Long Tokyo (which for simplification is called simply Japanese), Chinese, Russian. The latest version is ideal for growing in the countries of the former USSR. He easily survives a temperature of minus ten without loss of fertility. The remaining species survive the winter too cold not so well, losing part of the "fighters".
Russian variation is not used for eating the bulb itself. Instead, they prefer to plant it for the sake of lush stems, because the underground part practically does not develop. But the branches delight him with splendor, making up peculiar bouquets of up to four dozen stems on one bush. The picture ends with a miniature shoot with white flowers that are going to a fluffy ball.
Initially, the plant grew exclusively in Asian countries like Mongolia, China. But gourmet travelers praised his nutritional value, wishing to transplant a typical inhabitant of eastern gardens closer to his native habitat. But in his historical Motherland such a gift of nature can still be found in untouched nature.
The long-term representative of the flora has many subspecies that differ in color, size, branching. But in terms of taste, they are almost identical, as well as energy value. The difference is only in pungency, as the classic type of batun is really more piquant than the onion "fellow". This could partially explain why many dishes familiar to the Slavs in Asia seem sharper.
From a medical point of view, such varieties are distinguished by an increased disinfecting effect. This allows the weakened body to fight against pathogens, and also acts as a prevention of seasonal colds. To obtain significant help in the season of SARS, you need to harvest in the fall, freezing the natural treasure until better times.
It’s even simpler to organize a crop at home. For this, flowerpots placed on the balcony are suitable. And at the end of the cold period, the workpiece will only have to be sent again to the open ground.
You can do this every year, using the ability of the plant to reproduce in two ways:
The first item became possible due to the fact that the gardener does not have pronounced bulbs, but is famous for its powerful root system. But if you don’t feel like messing around with the separation, you can collect seeds for future planting.
The energy value
For those who put in the first place not care for small agricultural holdings, but relies on nutrition, there is good news. The unspoken king of the onion family has a low calorie content of just over 30 kcal per hundred grams. At the same time, the winter harvest made from it will please with a rich useful composition, among which are:
- vegetable protein;
- minimum fat with fatty acids;
- alimentary fiber;
- vitamins of group B, C, PP, K, E;
- sodium, zinc, potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, manganese, selenium, copper.
The main secret of utility is the age of the stem. The older he is, the more various vitamins, minerals, sugars have accumulated there. There are even volatile oil with essential oils.
Since growing is usually not particularly difficult, people prefer to have several varieties of a popular storehouse of energy on their homestead. To do this, they prefer to plant varieties of onions that bring crops in different periods to different parts of the land holdings. Among the early variations, characterized by moderate severity, the most popular champions are:
- salad 35.
They are great for growing on open terrain even without significant snow cover, and on the windowsill. But it is worth preparing for the fact that their bush belongs to the group of highly branched. Because of this, the house will have to clear a large area for him, not only in width but also in height.
The early “birds” are highly appreciated for their good juiciness, because almost leaves under almost 50 cm do not coarse for a long time, if they are cut correctly. And here the cumulative system is triggered. In the first years, the bush pleases with only a few massive branches, and in the third year their number reaches ten. The most fruitful is the fourth year, where you can wait up to two dozen green branches.
But the most important trump card of early offers is their consistently high resistance to various diseases.
Those who prefer sharper decisions will like late-ripening counterparts. The most popular option is the May variety, which is so tenacious that it survives in 40-degree frost. His business card is called a rich composition containing:
- more than 13% dry matter;
- 3% sugars;
- almost 90 mg of vitamin C.
The characteristic features are external "scales", which have dark brown shades. Compared with early counterparts, it has an increased branching, which quickly makes itself felt if it is done correctly.
There are many other varieties that are also in high demand among lovers of spending time in the land. Many people like Pierrot, Tenderness and Parade, which will delight gourmets with piquancy.
Tips for beginner gardeners
The landing of the rod is made approximately every three years. Experts advise planting it for the first time in the place where tomatoes, potatoes, or cabbage used to grow. So the seedlings will receive a lot of trace elements necessary for a large crop. It only remains to survive the winter, and earlier in the spring to receive the first fruits of their own labor.
To successfully multiply stocks, you will need to adhere to a simple calendar planting scheme, excluding sowing seeds:
- in early spring;
And in the second case, it should be only the first part of August. Direct preliminary sowing should be done either at the beginning of the spring season, or even at sunset in February, focusing on current weather conditions. If you feed the future vitamin storehouse in time, then the first greens will appear on the table already in the region of July.
Asa gardeners prefer to clean the last leaves in mid-August. This allows you to guarantee greenery for the next spring run, which will provide the owner with an early supply of vitamins. Just do not forget about a number of post-harvest measures, which include:
- the need to rake the earth - to loosen.
This precaution allows the plant to accumulate nutrient reserves in order to successfully cope even with the most severe frosts.
A vegetative reproduction technique will not be difficult. First, the bushes are divided into three to five equal parts, sending to pre-prepared soil.
Quite simply with the care, which consists of constant watering. If you ignore this single weighty rule, then the greens will repay with bitterness and stiffness. You also need to be careful about wintering rules. In the first year, do not cut off the feathers, as this can adversely affect the bulb, which is significantly weakened.
If you are considering industrial cultivation, it is better to send seedlings in greenhouse conditions. Feathers grown in an artificial environment are distinguished by tenderness, juiciness.
Relatively complicated procedure is only the choice of the best place. If someone just wants to experiment with garden novelties, then you can simply allocate a place not on acidic soil. But if you want to achieve high performance, you should be puzzled by periodic organic top dressing, and make the soil permeable.
Penumbra is ideal for this. If you choose the sunny side, the arrows will constantly fade. Because of this, it will be more profitable to plant all the green "wealth" along the fence, or next to garden trees. If the future crop turns yellow, then he does not particularly like the selected conditions. It is better to plant it at the place of growth of carrots and cruciferous. But the territory from under the onion plantations should be avoided, since there are many typical pathogens.
It is also worth avoiding the beds, which are constantly flooded after rain, the disappearance of the snow cover. It is especially important to avoid bumpy areas, slopes, so that the seeds are not carried away by water during heavy rains.
Like any other representative of agricultural crops, the batun has two sides of the coin. Its benefits and harms are explained by biologically active components. And people learned about the healing qualities of plants in ancient times.
Culinary specialists trying to find sharp grass that would have a pleasant, juicy structure without bitterness did not pass him by.
Despite the fact that doctors insist on the use of dishes based on it all year round, the most valuable stems in the spring. This is explained by the fact that most people suffer from vitamin deficiency just after a long "winter sleep". If you regularly eat about 150 g of this onion daily, you can provide yourself:
- daily intake of vitamin A;
- daily intake of vitamin C;
- one fifth of the norm of potassium with calcium.
The last components are responsible for stabilizing the functioning of the circulatory system. The extract of these gifts of nature is used to create medicines that increase the flexibility of blood vessels. She also successfully copes with lowering blood pressure.
Another advantage is carotene, which has a positive effect on the mucous membranes, skin. Adherents of oriental medicine in the old days used the plant's properties for:
- profuse sweating during intoxication;
- pain relief;
- treat stomach diseases.
Nutritionists are advised to include it in the diet for patients who are trying to restore their natural metabolism, while at the same time getting rid of small kidney stones. The mandatory presence on the table is also explained by those who help the liver in the composition of the product, weaken gouty attacks, and reduce the risks of hypertension. It even saves people with rheumatism.
In order for an ordinary tenant of garden beds to turn into a healer, you will need to use the knowledge of herbalists. Depending on the specific ailment, the instructions for preparing the main ingredient will vary. Most often, patients who have difficulty with the normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, or with blood diseases, resort to his help. For such patients, there is a special recipe:
- chopped onions along with false stems;
- sent in a glass container;
- pour alcohol at a ratio of 1: 4 (it is better to take seventy percent);
- cork with a lid;
- sent to a dark place for a week;
- filter tincture.
Reception provides from 15 to 20 drops added to 50 ml of cold water. The number of approaches varies from two to three times a day. It all depends on the degree of damage to the body by the disease, as well as the weight of the victim.
A similar recipe for a drug designed to help with bronchitis and cough. To prepare an effective medicine, you will need to finely chop 40 juicy stems, pouring the gruel with 1.5 liters of pure alcohol.
Infusion and filtering repeats the procedures from the previous instruction, as well as the mode of administration. Only the dosage changes: one teaspoon of tincture in three tablespoons of water.
If for some reason the patient is forbidden to use alcohol-containing liquids, you can do without heating components. A non-alcoholic recipe provides:
- 15 g finely chopped rod;
- a glass of milk.
First, the mixture is brought to a boil, and then boiled over low heat for a couple of minutes. Next, the workpiece is sent to settle for about two hours in a warm place. At the end, it is filtered, taking one teaspoon every three hours when coughing. But before starting therapy, it is still better to consult a doctor.
Dedicated to cookery
In addition to the inclusion in the composition of various healing tinctures, onions are willingly adopted by experienced chefs, using only greens. Her ideal partner can be safely called green peas. The tandem fits perfectly in the spring diet, which includes many fresh salads.
Many recipes of oriental dishes provide for the use of only this species due to its characteristic sharpness. This is especially true of traditional Asian soups. But Russian-speaking craftsmen have long adapted to make spicy marinades for barbecue, or just classic barbecue on its basis.
With its help, it turns out to maintain good juiciness, without turning the meat treat into an ancient papyrus to taste. And some keen connoisseurs do not imagine okroshka without such an unusual addition.
If the hostess froze many stems in advance, then in winter they can be used in simple salads, combining other greens with pickled cucumbers. Some add green peas there, making the dish more festive.
So the culinary delight was closely intertwined with medicinal herbs, which made the batun an almost universal plant.