Medical research and diagnostics

Ultrasound examination (ultrasound) of the lungs and pleural cavity

Ultrasound is a research method that does not cause any special concerns and fear in patients. Usually, a person, without hesitation, goes on research and understands that it is completely safe and painless. It is important to note that the safety, painlessness and relative comfort of the study do not affect the accuracy of the result and the seriousness of the method. Diagnosis is considered safe due to the fact that the method does not use X-rays and other harmful effects that can lead to cancer. The advantage of the technique is its availability. Ultrasound can be done in every clinic, medical center, clinic and private office. In addition, the price of the study is available to everyone. There is also a huge variety of portable devices for ultrasound diagnostics. Most often they are used in ambulance carriages and in special vehicles that are designed to travel to rural areas.

This method has its own nuances. At the beginning of the ultrasound, most doctors negatively treated the ultrasound of the lungs and pleural cavity, and sometimes completely rejected the method.

The whole problem lay in the mechanism of research and in the peculiarities of the organ. With the help of ultrasound, you can view the internal organs due to their dense structure. The lungs do not have a dense structure, they are a tissue that is filled with air. It is for this reason that ultrasonic frequencies cannot be delayed for a long time, which prevents the specialist from examining the organ. The second nuance is that the bones do not conduct ultrasound. And as you know, the chest consists of bones, so the procedure is a little difficult. According to the doctors, a certain screening effect is created.

Indications for ultrasound

Ultrasound of the lungs is prescribed by a doctor for certain indications. First of all, these are diseases of the pleural cavity: pleurisy, mesothelioma, empyema, excess fluid. Also here can be attributed neoplasms, tuberculosis, foci formed after pneumonia. The procedure can be prescribed to the patient with certain complaints and symptoms: for wheezing, fever, shortness of breath, chest injuries.

There can be a lot of diseases and symptoms. The above list is a list of diseases in which ultrasound of the lungs and pleural cavity is the most effective and efficient. It should be noted that for preventive purposes this procedure is not carried out.

Ultrasound examination of the pleural cavity is carried out in order to assess the state of the space between the leaves of the pleura, which surround the lung. Parameters that are investigated during ultrasound:

  • fluid volume;
  • amount of fluid;
  • cluster localization;
  • pleural thickness and its integrity;
  • the presence of tumors.

Preparation and conduct of the procedure

The procedure does not require special preparation. Before the examination, you do not need to adhere to a special regime and diet, since the intake of certain foods and liquids can in no way affect the final result of the study of the lungs. In some cases, the doctor may prescribe expectorants.

At the beginning of the procedure, the patient must remove the outer clothing, lie down on the couch and take a comfortable position. After that, the doctor must apply a special gel on the skin in the chest, set the sensors at right angles. It is important to note that if during the procedure a fluid is found in the pleural cavity, then for a better visibility of the organ, the patient may be asked to take a different position. The duration of the procedure is 10-20 minutes.

Practice in the field of medicine has shown and proved the advantages and benefits of ultrasound diagnosis, including the diagnosis of the lungs. Accessibility in financial terms and in terms of prevalence indicates the relevance of the method and its effectiveness in the diagnosis and treatment of the organs of the respiratory system.

Ultrasound does not cause harm in the form of radiation, as x-ray and tomographic examination. The advantage of the method lies in the fact that it can be carried out as many times as necessary during treatment. This suggests that the method can be prescribed to infants, pregnant women and patients in serious condition, without having to fear the threat to life.

Article author:
Furmanova Elena Alexandrovna

Specialty: pediatrician, infectious diseases specialist, allergist-immunologist.

Total experience: 7 years.

Education: 2010, SSMU, pediatric, pediatrics.

Experience infectious diseases more than 3 years.

He has a patent on the topic “A method for predicting a high risk of the formation of a chronic pathology of the adeno-tonsillar system in frequently ill children”. As well as the author of publications in the journals of the Higher Attestation Commission.

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Watch the video: Ultrasound Detection of Pleural Fluid - SonoSite, Inc. (February 2020).