One of the most serious pathological processes is varicose veins. Every day it is becoming more and more common. According to statistics, women are more likely to develop this pathological process.
Many people are trying to cure the disease with the help of traditional medicine at home, but, unfortunately, it turns out to be absolutely useless. If time does not apply for qualified help, treatment will have to be carried out with the help of surgery. It is also worth noting that the launched pathological process can cause a number of serious complications.
Saphenectomy is one of the types of surgery for the treatment of varicose veins. This procedure is prescribed only in the case when the pathological process has a running stage.
The main goal of safenectomy is to save the patient from the pathogenetic mechanism that provokes the process of expansion of blood vessels.
At the time of the surgery, the doctors remove the central trunks of the modified veins that are under the skin, as well as the process of doping the perforating vein.
The essence of safenectomy
Previously, doctors treated varicose veins with an extensive incision on the skin along the blood vessels, that is, the veins. Such an operation was considered quite effective, but after it there were large scars that did not have an aesthetic appearance.
To save the patient from such inconvenience, experts came up with another way to remove the pathological process - safenectomy. This procedure refers to minimally invasive methods of treatment. As a rule, this method is assigned to patients with severe disease. If the situation is quite advanced, then the treatment will be much more serious.
For patients with a severe type of pathological process, doctors make additional punctures and incisions. Thus, doctors can completely remove the vein that is affected by the varicose process.
To determine the exact localization of the pathological process, it is necessary to cut and pierce the vein. For this, doctors use a duplex scanner. This is carried out before the operation.
Pros and cons of safenectomy
Compared to other varicose vein removal procedures, this operation is completely painless, quick and effective. By cons include:
- long healing of scars;
- long recovery after surgery;
- possible formation of scars on the skin.
Also in medical practice there have been cases of the formation of blood clots in the operated veins. One of the disadvantages is a considerable number of contraindications to the procedure. In such cases, it is better to refrain from surgery and try to solve the problem with medications.
How is the operation?
First of all, experts make a horizontal incision in the area of the inguinal folds. The size of the cut should not exceed three centimeters. Thus, doctors can open the area of the main vein, which is located in the inguinal zone.
After that, doctors need to carefully separate the adjacent tissue to the mouth of the ducts. Then the doctor crosses them and bandages them.
Carrying out such actions, the surgeon should be especially careful, since any of his mistakes can greatly complicate the situation and lead to irreversible consequences. If it happens that the doctor does not notice and does not remove at least one duct, then the disease will not be cured to the end. As a result, there is a serious need to bandage the large saphenous vein and cut it off at the junction with the deep vein.
After this, the doctor must make an incision in the size of seven to eight millimeters in the area of the inner ankle. Thus, it will be possible to open a section of large subcutaneous blood vessels. The ends of this vessel must be carefully and carefully crossed and bandaged. After this, the doctor inserts the end of the probe through an incision made in the area of the inguinal fold. In this place it is necessary to strengthen the olive, which has sharp cutting edges.
The specialist then cuts out the varicose veins that are close enough to the adjacent tissues. This is done with the help of the probe, when it is tightened in the direction from the epicenter.
To remove the dilated veins, doctors use special tools. This is done with a small number of punctures. At the end of the procedure, they are closed with special tapes.
The question of how much the patient will recover depends on how the procedure was performed to remove varicose veins. Also, the recovery period is affected by the number of complications that have unexpectedly arisen as a result of surgery. From these moments depends on how much the patient will be in bed rest.
On the first day after surgery, the patient is assigned a special restorative gymnastics. In this way you can prevent the formation of blood clots. To restore motor function, the patient must impose a special compression hosiery. He is picked up before the surgery. The result of the recovery period directly depends on the correct choice.
In order to make a conclusion about the success of the operation, the patient is prescribed an ultrasound after two months. With it, you can see how the process of the venous blood flow of the operated limb is restored.
If you read the reviews of patients undergoing such treatment, we will see their different versions of the conclusions. The outcome of therapy directly depends on who performed the operation, what technique was chosen, how long the recovery period lasted.
Remember that varicose veins are a serious enough disease that can lead to complications. Therefore, at the first sign of a need to seek help from a qualified specialist.