By medical vessels or ducks is meant a special reservoir for receiving stool from bedridden patients. During use, the duck is placed under the patient's hip area. It can be made of rubber, plastic, metal. A separate reservoir is a urinal for men to take urine.
With ruthless diseases that put people in bed for a long time, timely and high-quality care for them amounts to almost 50% of effective treatment. If a person is at least partially able to move, there are enough techniques to help him go to the toilet, but for immobile categories of patients besides the vessel, nothing more was invented. When choosing a duck in each specific case, it is necessary to take into account the age and sex of the patient, as well as the shape and material of which the duck is made.
Depending on the anatomical features of the patient's body, vessels of a certain shape are made. The criteria for the quality of such tanks are the ability to repeatedly disinfect the tank, the convenience for the person, the non-invasiveness of the device for the patient.
Most often, the ship and ducks are made of metal - enameled steel or stainless steel, plastic - polypropylene, rubber, used for inflatable devices for bedridden patients, and earthenware.
The vessel's shape is scaphoid (the most comfortable of all), providing hygienic emptying procedures without affecting the linen and bed, round, deep and shallow. If a patient needs enemas, it is better to choose anatomical vessels and large-capacity ducks.
Stainless Steel Vessel Features
Ducks and stainless steel vessels are more often used when there is no need to constantly keep such tanks under sick people, that is, they are able to ask them when needed. Stainless steel ducks are durable, highly hygienic, because they are easy to wash and disinfect, they are resistant to various chemical detergents, most of them are spacious, comfortable in shape due to the presence of side boards and handles, aesthetically appealing.
The drawbacks of stainless steel ducks are too hard edges of the products, suitable for this reason not to all categories of patients (for example, they are not suitable for those who have bedsores), as well as the inability of medical personnel to analyze the color of feces, which is often necessary for treatment.
Features of the vessel from plastic or plastic
The advantages for choosing plastic vessels are:
- production of medical propylene, which adapts to body and air temperatures, which means it is always comfortable to use;
- low weight of such ducks and their shape, which simplifies the use of capacity;
- design features - the part of the duck, located below the sacrum of the patient, is lower in level, which makes the use of this duck very comfortable even for completely immobilized patients.
Plastic is inert with respect to various detergents with chemical components, which allows you to operate and wash the vessel countless times. During hygienic cleaning, a plastic vessel is easily cleaned, including odors, besides, they often have a scale for measuring the amount of stool, which largely helps the medical staff to draw appropriate conclusions about the patient's condition. It is important to know and keep in mind when choosing what exactly a plastic vessel is, as a rule, equipped with convenient covers.
The main disadvantage of such ducks is a small amount, which does not allow to use them in cases where patients need enemas. Some types of plastic vessels may be too dark in color, which can sometimes prevent medical personnel from seeing the color of the patient's feces, which can characterize his condition.
The main thing you need to pay attention to when feeding a duck is how comfortable this process is to the patient. Before direct feeding of the vessel, talc, hygiene products, waterproof oilcloth for the substrate, clean water for rinsing and the vessel itself are prepared.
The person serving the patient washes his hands and puts on medical latex gloves, puts an oilcloth or diaper under the patient's pelvis, slightly warms the vessel with warm water poured into it, drains the water and treats the edges of the duck with talcum powder so that they do not rub the patient’s skin. However, it is important to know that in the presence of bedsores talcum cannot be used. The patient is stripped from below, the vessel is placed at the base of the legs with a wide part to it and systematically moves it to the desired level under the person. Buttocks should lie on the sides of the duck, this is important. After the end of the procedure, the patient and the vessel are hygienized.
The functions of the system of excretion in the human body can not be overestimated. With well-established excretory work, the patient recovers faster. To ensure this process, it is necessary to select a high-quality medical vessel that will help the patient in the most difficult moments not to feel helpless. Care and observation of patients play a significant role in the entire treatment process and accelerate the person’s recovery. The choice of the material and the shape of the duck should be based on how bad the patient is, whether he can move independently, and whether cleaning procedures are required on a regular basis. If all the above factors are taken into account, then the process of emptying the patient will take place without serious consequences, both physically and psychologically.