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Pneumococcal Vaccination

Pneumococcal infection is an acute infectious disease caused by streptococcus. This disease includes a combination of diseases. One of the most dangerous forms of pneumococcal infection is pneumonia (pneumonia). Pneumococci are bacteria that cause more than 80 types of infections.

Children are most prone to this dangerous disease, since they do not have natural body protection for up to two years. The most effective preventive measure against pneumococcal disease is vaccination.

These bacteria can infect any system in the human body. Under normal conditions, they are found in the tissues of each person, but under certain factors they can cause very serious diseases. These include otitis media, rhinosinusitis, and other lesions of the upper respiratory tract. It is also possible the emergence of diseases such as inflammation of the lining of the brain and meningitis. In addition, these include diseases of the internal organs, muscles and joints.

In adults, this infection causes diseases less frequently than in children, but they are much more severe. Any of the diseases that causes pneumococcus can be cured with antibacterial agents. But to find the right treatment is very difficult and it takes a lot of time. After all, this microorganism has adapted and almost stopped responding to medications. The vaccine also destroys the resistance of the infection to these drugs and allows you to cope with the disease much faster.

Vaccination against pneumococcal infection is an excellent way to prevent diseases caused by streptococci.

Who is at risk?

A vaccine against pneumococcal infection is recommended for people who are at risk. These are children aged 3 to 7 years and older people, people who come in contact with carriers of this infection, adults who are prone to chronic diseases of the heart and blood vessels, lungs and liver. This vaccine is also recommended for people with sepsis in the body, people with traumatic brain injury and all those who have weakened immunity.

Vaccination against pneumococcal infection is effective in people at risk in 85% of cases. Vaccinations made on time have a positive effect on life expectancy and immunity, and also reduce the risk of serious complications.

Contraindications and complications

An adult's body responds more favorably to drugs to improve immunity. The child in this case may lie with an increased body temperature. An important role is played by the fact that adults often and repeatedly suffer from diseases caused by streptococci.

Side effects after vaccination against this infectious disease may be few. The most common manifestation of redness and swelling at the injection site. The body temperature may also rise and an allergic reaction in the form of urticaria may appear.

In general, in adults, vaccination is quite good and does not require special preparation. There are some contraindications in which vaccination is not recommended. First of all, this applies to acute chronic diseases. Also, you can not vaccinate those people who are allergic to one of the components of the drug. Also, vaccination is contraindicated in pregnant women. Despite the many recommendations on compulsory vaccination, you should not do this if there is even the slightest contraindication. It is best to postpone this matter for a short time.

Watch the video: Pneumococcal Vaccines for Developing Countries (January 2020).